Samuel Carpenter Indenture
HPHA recently was gifted the original Indenture dated 3 Feb 1718 in which Samuel Carpenter's estate transfers his land holdings in Horsham to his wife and children.This document was included as part of a generous donation by Mr. Joseph H. (Buck) Penrose Jr. HPHA, with generous support from the Friends of the Horsham Library, had the Indenture professionally restored and preserved.
We have not yet had the chance to fully transcribe ( <volunteers? ) the document but believe it to be a means of distributing lands owned by Samuel Carpenter's estate to his wife Hannah Carpenter and their children.
An Indenture is:
a deed or agreement executed in two or more copies with edges correspondingly indented as a means of identification.
This Indenture shows the indented edge along the top, and along the bottom the signatures and wax seals of each party. This is a rare find and a fascinating piece of local history. It has been displayed at the Horsham Library and at the Horsham Tricentennial Gala. It is currently on display at the Penrose-Strawbridge House.
Samuel Carpenter was born in Horsham, Sussex, England and was baptized there on 20 November 1649. He purchased 5,000 acres of land from William Penn - and was likely the wealthiest and most powerful person in the colony of Pennsylvania behind Penn. 4200 of these acres were in what is now Horsham Township, PA, Horsham was established as a municipal entity by a vote of the people in 1717 and named after Carpenter's birthplace.
Carpenter's estate was held liable for £2,000 that had been promised to the queen - in lieu of sending soldiers to fight against the French in Canada - in 1709. To settle this debt, 1200 acres, most in Horsham, was sold and somehow became the property of Deputy Governor Sir William Keith. This land became Keith's estate which he called Fountain Low. it was later acquired by his son-in-law Dr Thomas Graeme who renamed it Graeme Park. Graeme Park still exists but has been reduced to 42 acres which is now owned by the state, The National Historic Landmark c1722 Keith House is located here, and the restored c1721 Penrose Strawbridge House is located several hundred yards away on part of the original estate that is now owned by Horsham Township.