photo of historic mural at Hallowell Elementary School
photo of historic mural at Hallowell Elementary School
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Hallowell Elementary Mural

  • Hallowell Elementary Timeline Mural by Justine Musick

  • The mural begins July 2017

  • First three bubbles beginning with the exodus of native americans on the right

  • Artifacts from earlier inhabitants are found throughout the area

  • Pennsylvania was mostly wilderness when Holmes began to map it in 1681

  • The Lenni Lenape were slowly driven out of Pennsylvania

  • The Lenni Lenape were slowly driven out of Pennsylvania

  • The first English settlers arrived in what would become Horsham c1709

  • The first English settlers arrived in what would become Horsham c1709

  • More updates soon...

HPHA Executive Director Peter Choate has commissioned a mural at the new Hallowell Elementary School in honor of his late wife Margaret, depicting the history of Horsham Township.

The mural will show a timeline of the history of Horsham Township with significant events being shown in 'bubbles'. The 1st phase of the mural begins with native americans pre-1860s and takes us to the early 1900s and the founding of Standard Pressed Steel by Howard Hallowell in 1903.

This original mural is being created by local artist Justine Musick. (see more of her work on Esty)

Check back for updates on the progress.

Concept

by Justine Musick

The mural begins with the Lenape Native Americans. The Lenape grew corn and other foods, which they could store for months. Girls and boys played a sport sort of like football. Whole sheets of bark were used to create the exterior of Wigwams, where people lived, and carefully constructed Longhouses were used for many activities such as drying food, sleeping, and sheltering multiple families. This will be depicted in the first large block of the mural. Next, smaller “bubbles” will be used to illustrate events. The first small bubble will show the Lenape people departing from their home in Horsham, and migrating to Canada and Oklahoma.

photo of mural showing Lenni Lenape exodus from Pennsylvania
The Lenni Lenape lived in the area now known as Pennsylvania for approximately 8,000 years until they were driven north by the arrival of the English
photo of mural showing Lenni Lenape exodus from Pennsylvania
The Lenni Lenape lived in the area now known as Pennsylvania for approximately 8,000 years until they were driven north by the arrival of the English
photo of mural showing native American artifacts
Artifacts from native inhabitants are found all over the Horsham area
photo of mural showing native American artifacts
Artifacts from native inhabitants are found all over the Horsham area

Artifacts of Lenape life are still preserved in the layers of earth beneath Horsham. Therefore, this mural will have a 3in layer running along the base which serves as the ground in some scenes, but will be shown in section to reveal artifacts imbedded in the ground. This is an interesting way to “frame” the mural, and shows how history is tied to places, and can be discovered.

The next bubble shows an image of a cabin, meant to be the first cabin built in the area. After that is the first Holmes Map, which was used to show land ownership, not so much the specific geography of the area. Nonetheless, these two events re-established the area, and set the foundation for a community to develop.

photo of mural showing original cabin in Horsham
The first settlers in Horsham arrived around 1709
photo of mural showing original cabin in Horsham
The first settlers in Horsham arrived around 1709

The next large piece will depict the early 1700’s. The Horsham Friends Meeting House was originally built from wood, and other necessities were quickly built such as a cemetery, school, food garden, etc. This meeting house is where the first marriage took place, which shows how young people started to create their own personal histories in this developing place. After the death of William Penn, Hannah Penn became the first female governor. This part of the painting depicts Hannah Penn in the back ground, discussing documents.

The following set of bubbles spans a large time frame. The first is the U.S. minted silver dollars. Before the U.S. Mint started producing money, people used whatever they happened to have, including European coins from a variety of countries. People lived a lifestyle in which they produced the things they needed, and then would trade for the things they lacked. They used both trading and money for many years, but having a U.S. money system has really changed our day to day lives!

During the time of the civil war, the country was divided on the issue of slavery. Many enslaved black people traveled a dangerous journey from southern states, which advocated for a slave economy, to northern Union states which wanted to abolish slavery as a commodity. The route which people traveled to reach the north had many stops, and was called the “Underground Railroad”. It had stops right here in Horsham, where some farmers hid the runaways. It was illegal to shelter and aid any runaway slave. The North won the civil war, Abraham Lincoln signed the Emancipation Proclamation, and blacks and whites were all free in this country. It would be a long time before all people were equal, however, the Underground Railroad marks a major shift in history, and Horsham was a part of that.

Finally, there is a portrait of Howard Hallowell sitting with his steel hanger in the background. Hallowell grew up in Horsham on his father’s farm, and they were a very important part of this community! Their farm expanded far, and as a boy Howard worked incredibly hard tending the farm and going to the markets. He eventually went to college and did extremely well, which surprised many people who didn’t expect a farmer to be so successful in mechanics. He developed a pressed steel hanger, and his company Standard Pressed Steel, in 1903. SPS quickly grew into a major company.

Justine Musick

Justine Musick is a graduate of Archbishop Wood High School, and Temple University. She has trained in painting throughout her entire childhood, and continued her studies by spending a year in the Fine Arts program at Bucks County Community College. After this, she entered into the Architectural Preservation program at the Tyler School of Arts, and added an additional focus on Anthropology. Justine graduated with a B.S. in Architectural Preservation. The lens of Anthropology through which she conducted her preservation studies, has given her a unique perspective on heritage management, history, and community development.

In addition to creating the mural at Hallowell she has also been working with HPHA on our document preservation project.

You can see more of Justine's original artwork at etsy




Support the Future of Horsham's History!

Horsham Preservation and Historical Association (HPHA)
900 Governor Road
Horsham, PA 19044 USA
© 2000- Horsham Preservation and Historical Association
A Community Benefit Organization

Horsham Preservation and Historical Association (HPHA)
900 Governor Road
Horsham, PA 19044 USA
© 2000- Horsham Preservation and Historical Association
We are A Community Benefit Organization
Horsham Preservation and Historical Association Logo
215-343-0659 | Email